Performance Budgeting – Features, Process, Advantages, Limitations

Performance Budgeting refers to a budget in terms of functions, programmes and performance units (functions, activities and projects) reflecting the revenues and expenditures of an Organization or Government.  Performance Budgeting refers to a budget in terms of functions, programmes and performance units (functions, activities and projects) reflecting the revenues and expenditures of an Organization or Government.   Features of Performance […]

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Investment Alternatives – Negotiable and Non-negotiable Instruments

Investment refers to employment of funds on assets with the aim of earning income or capital appreciation.It is essentially a sacrifice of current money or other resources for future benefits.There are various Investment Alternatives available with an investor. An investor has to carefully choose between different investment alternatives like negotiable securities (Can be freely traded in the market) and non-negotiable securities(cannot […]

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What are Securities & Types of Securities

Securities refer to an investment that can be freely traded in the market and provides a right or claim on an asset and all future cash flows generated by that asset. According to Securities Contracts Regulation Act, 1956, “securities include shares, scrips, stocks, bonds, debentures, debenture stock or other marketable securities of a like nature in or of any incorporated company or […]

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Dupont Analysis with Example

Presentation/Project/Slides Transcript Topic: Dupont Analysis Dupont analysis also Dupont model is a financial ratio based on return on equity ratio that is used to analyze a company’s ability to increase its return on equity. It breaks down the return on equity ratio to explain how companies can increase their return for investors. The Dupont analysis looks at three main components of […]

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Factoring Process & Types of Factoring

This article explains in brief the Factoring Process and Types of Factoring. We recommend you to go through Factoring Introduction and utility and importance of factoring to get a better understanding of Factoring Process and Types of Factoring. Factoring Process The factoring process can be summarized in the activities of all the parties (client, buyer, factor) in a factoring agreement. Various […]

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Leasing Process, Advantages and Disadvantages to lessor & Lessee

The important activities of a Leasing Process can be summarized as below:  Leasing process (1) Lease Selection – The leasing process starts when the lessee enters into a leasing contract with the lessor. Lessee approaches the Manufacturers and Suppliers, gathers all details about the required asset (design, specifications, price, installation, warranty, servicing etc.) and then takes a decision on the required […]

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Types of Lease – Leasing

There are various types of lease on the basis of: The extent to which the risks and rewards are transferred The number and nature of parties to the transaction The domicile of the equipment manufacturer Types of Lease: On the basis of extent to which the risks and rewards are transferred there may be two types of lease: (i) Financial Lease or […]

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