Group Behaviour – Formal & Informal Groups

Individuals in an organization form various formal and informal groups for the purpose of achieving similar goals or to simply exchange ideas, thoughts and attitude with the group members. A group is a collection of two or more individuals who interact with each other and are inter-dependent on each other for a common purpose, and hence perceive themselves as a […]

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Organizational change – Change management – Types, Process

Organizational change may be defined as “the adoption of a new idea or behaviour by an organization” Organizational Change refers to any modification or alternation in people, structure, job design or technology of an existing organization. An organization must make changes continuously in order to cope up with changes in — Customer needs Technological breakthrough Economic shocks Government regulations etc. […]

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Planning – Nature, Elements, Process, Approach, Importance

Planning is the conscious, systematic process of making decisions about goals and activities that an organization will pursue in the future. A plan is a pre-determined course of action. Planning is essentially a process to determine and implement actions to achieve organizational objectives. Planning involves the task of deciding in advance – What to do? How to do? When to […]

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Principles of Management – Introduction, Nature, Process, Importance

“Management is the art of getting things done through people in formally organized groups” – Koontz Management refers to a set of activities (planning, organising, decision making, controlling etc.) directed towards an organisation’s resources (human, financial, physical and informational) with the aim of achieving organisation’s goals in an efficient and effective manner. According to Henry Fayol – “To manage is to […]

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